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Mikrotik airplay не работает

Однакиш Юрий

Ремонт компьютеров в Гагарин, установка Windows в Гагарин, ремонт ноутбуков, удаление вирусов, видеонаблюдение, локальные сети, монтаж, настройка, обслуживание

Mikrotik & Apple – проблемы взаимодействия

При использовании беспроводных сетей от Mikrotik, в том числе и построенных по технологии CAPsMAN, можно столкнуться с проблемой взаимодействия этих с сетей с оборудованием от Apple. Заключаются эти проблем в том, что устройство либо вообще отказывается подключаться к сети, либо подключается, но не работают некоторые службы, такие как Skype или торрент-клиенты.

Решить проблему достаточно просто, хотя и не так очевидно. Я опишу проблему на примере сети, построенной по технологии CAPsMAN, но и для обычных сетей решение аналогичное. Подробно о настройке сети с использованием технологии CAPsMAN написано здесь.
Для начала разбираемся с региональными настройками подключения. Для этого переходим в раздел меню CAPsMAN, в открывшемся окне выбираем вкладку Configurations, выбираем используемую в данный момент конфигурацию, и двойным кликом ее открываем.
Далее на вкладке Wireless находим выпадающий список Country. По умолчанию в нем стоит no_country_set и большинство устройств в данном режиме работает нормально. Но не Apple! Для корректной работы оборудования Apple выбираем родную для них United States (в списке несколько пунктов с US настройками, и если на обычной не пойдет, то можно попробовать выбрать другие).

Нажимаем ОК, после чего сделать перезагрузку системы через пункт меню System -> Reboot. После этого устройства от Apple должны заработать нормально. Если нет, то двигаемся дальше…

Снова открываем раздел CAPsMAN, переходим на вкладку Channels, и производим настройки режима работы беспроводной сети. Как выяснилось на практике, яблочное оборудование также хочет работать на первом канале (2412 MHz). Настраиваем это значение, делаем перезагрузку и пробуем использовать. В моем случае один ноутбук отказался и так работать, пришлось отключить режим работы N, оставив только B и G.

Также не лишним на вкладке Security Cfg. проконтролировать параметры безопасности. Обязательно должны быть включены режимы аутентификации WPA PSK и WPA2 PSK, а также алгоритмы шифрования aes и tkip.

Чем удобна технология CAPsMAN, так это возможностью создать множество вариантов настроек и попробовать сними поиграть в различных конфигурациях до наступления положительного результата.

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Mikrotik airplay не работает

Бесплатный чек-лист
по настройке RouterOS
на 28 пунктов

Mikrotik и Apple

1) Вас не смущает слово «beta» в названии прошивки?
1.1) рекомендую бета-прошивки не использовать. (Вы же не интегратор, который «выжимает» из железа всё больше и больше).
1.2) перейдите на стабильную прошивку и думаю по крайне мере на 50% сэкономите себе сил, времени и нервов

2) По рассказам всё это как понятно, но хотелось бы увидеть именно настройки вифи-адаптера в микротике
(а точнее, тип его значений, там параметров не мало, и порой каждый важен, и зависят они друг от друга).
Почему не показали их (настройки) ?
2.1) адресацию айфон получает
2.2) а шлюз, днс?
ничего не меняли ещё и в этом направлении?
2.3) а НАТ/Маскарад не трогали?
2.4) трассировка работает с айфона/с мака? (по IP и/или по имени)(на внешние узлы конечно)?

Информации мало, поэтому советы пока и такие — обобщённые и наугад.

Спасибо.
1. У меня это возникло как-то сразу. И такая ситуация на всех прошивках. Вот сейчас поставил 6.45.3 — то же самое
1.1. Учту, но пока не помогает
1.2. Перешел — ноль эмоций
2. Если скажите какие и как их выдать — выложу
2.1. Они все получают IP, но с компа из той же сети не пингуются
2.2. Шлюз и DNS не менял, хотя иногда замена DNS на пару секунд дает Интернет, но потом он пропадает
2.3. Это не трогал точно
2.4. Я просто не знаю, как сделать трассировку с айфона.

И появился еще вопрос, на этом Микротике есть USB порт. К нему можно подключить Wi-Fi свисток и рабоать через него?

Мда. всё тяжко.

1) данных настроек по ВиФи не вижу
2) Что у Вас там за конфиг? У Вас там что, режете часть сайтов? Прокся? IPv6 и файрвол на нём?
(я в шоке, у меня в организации на более мощном железе такова нет).
3) Я хочу напомнить, у Вас Свичь с функцией маршрутизатора, а не 8-16 ядерный проф.железка.
3.1) Ваш свитч хоть живой ? Нагрузка на CPU какая?
3.2) ААА-метароутер? Что Вы делаете на нём?
3.3) при настройки UPnP надо принимать внимание что условно локальное, а что внешнее,
если у Вас порты в бридже(не увидел какие и в каком), то тогда надо бридж — как логический
интерфейс описывать, а не каждый порт.
3.4) зачем NoIP DNS ? У Микротика есть служба/сервис CLOUD — присваивается постоянное имя роутеру,
и оно доступно всегда, при динамическом реальном (внешнем) адресе?

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Mikrotik airplay не работает

Sat Feb 08, 2014 11:49 pm

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Re: AirPlay not working via ethernet

Mon Feb 10, 2014 5:36 pm

First off, this is in the wrong thread.

Second, you did not read your Airplay manual, did you? You can not connect the Airplay directly to your network with either cable.

Per the manual and the Apply web site, the Airplay connects to any Apple OS device wirelessly.

Go and reread the manual.

Re: AirPlay not working via ethernet

Tue Feb 11, 2014 12:09 am

First off, this is in the wrong thread.

Second, you did not read your Airplay manual, did you? You can not connect the Airplay directly to your network with either cable.

Per the manual and the Apply web site, the Airplay connects to any Apple OS device wirelessly.

Go and reread the manual.

Re: AirPlay not working via ethernet

Tue Feb 11, 2014 8:11 am

Re: AirPlay not working via ethernet

Tue Feb 11, 2014 6:12 pm

First off, this is in the wrong thread.

Second, you did not read your Airplay manual, did you? You can not connect the Airplay directly to your network with either cable.

Per the manual and the Apply web site, the Airplay connects to any Apple OS device wirelessly.

Go and reread the manual.

Did I hurt your feelings/ego?

Sorry about that.

I was not being rude. I stated facts.

First, this is posted in the RouterOS Beta thread, this post as stated, has nothing to do
with OS Beta or testing.

I would think post in the General thread.

Second, I read the manual for the Airplay and I also have a friend with it and looked at his system. And yes, it is also on a Mikrotik system. Been working fine for 5 years.

Re: AirPlay not working via ethernet

Wed Feb 12, 2014 4:39 pm

Re: AirPlay not working via ethernet

Wed Sep 17, 2014 9:08 am

Howdy, I’m certainly no MikroTik expert but I’m getting my bearings, in researching this issue (because the constant re-buffering is absolutely unacceptable), I found setting the multicast-helper option to full on the wireless interface fixes the problem.

You can read the docs on the MikroTik wiki here; the option is disabled by default, and I couldn’t find it at all in the webfig GUI in RouterOS v6.15-6.19 , though my search wasn’t extensive.

Happy to have AirPlay video streaming via AppleTV finally working perfectly on an otherwise flawless home CPE. (I’m running RB951-2HnD).

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Mikrotik airplay не работает

Mon May 04, 2015 4:11 pm

I have some issues on our wireless network based on the RB2011UiAS-2HnD-IN.
I have bought this MikroTik for our meeting venue. We need two separate networks:
— One secured network for the AppleTV / Chromecast and the people that having a talk (to send images to the AppleTV / Chromecast)
— One unsecored hotspot network with a walled garden.

I found out that I could use OpenWRT routers (like TP-Link, Asus) for this, Ubiquiti APs or MikroTik.

I chose for the last one because Ubiquiti needed a controller (I don’t want a seperate PC for that), and I don’t trust the consumer routers (TP-Link, Asus) for around 30 WiFi connections at the same time.

So far so good. I installed the MikroTik, worked flawlessy out of the box. Then I added a wlan2 hotspot network as a virtual accespoint on top of wlan1.

Everything works, walled garden also works perfectly. However. I have problems on the secured (wlan1) network. Sometimes we don’t have the AirPlay option on our iPads and iPhones, like the Apple TV is invisible. The Chromecast however seems to work (haven’t tested that thoroughly, we primarily use the Apple TV).

After a reboot of the MikroTik everything works again. But this happens a lot. It looks like it happens less when I disable the hotspot network. However, that is not an option because we want to offer our guests a free network.

So to make this work (I find that a professional device like this must be able to handle this simple task) I looked in the log. This happens a lot:

So I looked for ‘unicast key exchange timeout’ and ‘sent deauth’ on this forum and I found some solutions.
— Change from WPA2 to WPA: no luck
— Change form AES to TKIP: No luck, no connection possible form iOS devices
— Increased hw-retries to 7
— Changed group key update to 00:10:00

But no luck. The MikroTik is placed in a wooden cabinet and the Apple TV is about 20-25 meters away. That is the most far device in the room. I have manually set it on the least busy WiFi channel.

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But nothing works. What can be the problem in my situation? Do the unicast or deauth messages have something to do with the lost AirPlay connections? I want to buy the same set up for the other meeting venue but with those problems (no stable AirPlay conneciton with hotspot enabled) I can’t go for MikroTik, at least not the RB2011 (maybe other devices have less problems) and I need to try Ubiquiti or OpenWRT.

So I hope that someone can point me in the right direction to look at

Current wireless setup:

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Wed May 06, 2015 9:59 am

Two iPads can airPlay. my Nexus 4 doesn’t see the AirPlay. but my Android tablet does.

After a reboot, all devices can see the Apple TV.

I am confused now. why does it work after a reboot? Could it be a MikroTik issue or AirPlay? It must be a setting somewhere. but where and how?

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Mon May 11, 2015 11:50 am

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Mon May 11, 2015 12:02 pm

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Mon May 11, 2015 6:16 pm

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Mon May 11, 2015 7:35 pm

try using wireless-fp package

and then check signal level, datarates and ccq at client level in registration table

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Wed May 13, 2015 10:49 am

Thanks, will test this evening

But one question, does it make sense to enable wireless-fp with hotspot because fast path doesn’t enable when a hotspot is present?

IPv4 fast path is automatically used if following conditions are met:

firewal rules are not configured,
Traffic flow is disabled /ip traffic-flow enabled=no
Simple and queue trees with parent=global are not configured.
source interface is not bridge port or bonding slave
destination interface queue is set to only-hw-queue and no queue tree entries with parent=»dst interface»
no mesh, metarouter interface configuration,
sniffer, torch and traffic generator is not running
connection tracking is not active
ip accounting is disabled (/ip accounting enabled=no);
VRFs are not set (/ip route vrf is empty);
Hotspot is not used (/ip hostspot has no interfaces);
IpSec policies are not configured (ROS v6.8 )

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Wed May 13, 2015 12:22 pm

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Wed May 13, 2015 12:24 pm

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Wed May 13, 2015 12:31 pm

I guess you already did a spectrum scan and chose an optimum channel.

Move the RB to another place with no radiating equipment. Try also not using power strip, but plug the power adapter directly to the wall socket and test wireless stability.

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Wed May 13, 2015 12:33 pm

Alright, will try that too, tonight!

Didn’t knew it was that important, I’m sorry.

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Wed May 13, 2015 6:35 pm

Never mind!

But I’d bet what you’re suffering is interference; if the channel spectrum is clean, the usual suspects have to be checked, in order of increasing probability:

  • 1.- Nearby RF devices like cameras, door openers, phones, baby surveillance systems, etc. Most times just moving the AP away a couple meters or even less is enough to prevent AP radio «deafening».
    2.- Power strips can be a source of nasty interference: if the plugged plugs/inner contacts are loose, that will produce arcing and arcing will produce interference, not only nearby but sometimes EMF also gets «injected» into the device supply also affecting radio amplifier performance.
    3.- Defective pigtails.

The two best tools to check spectrum are cli based, try

to check for the selected channel;

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Thu May 14, 2015 5:43 am

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Fri May 15, 2015 4:36 pm

I am back with some screenshots about signal/speed and spectral scans.






Here I have the wireless mics turned off:

And here I turned them on:

Here you can see it very well (I tried with 2 mics on, and with 1 mic on)

Hope this helps to see if interference is the problem.

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Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Fri May 15, 2015 6:00 pm

Wow! got scans?

I’d say so. there’s a simple test, does the problem happen when both mics and station base are switched off?

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Fri May 15, 2015 6:05 pm

Hehehe. I thought more = better

We need the mics too so I it’s hard to test without mics, but I will check the logs if the errors are less when the mics are turned off.

What do you think about the scans? They didn’t look very bad I think?

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Sat May 16, 2015 1:59 am

judging by the graph with mics turned on, I’d bet that’s the source of your problems.

Try testing with them off. is there any possibility to change the channel used by the mics?

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Sat May 16, 2015 3:08 pm

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Sat May 16, 2015 3:10 pm

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Sat May 16, 2015 3:16 pm

I know, that’s why I first set it off as just a small detail because I couldn’t believe that mics in 700Mhz can interfere with WiFi on 2.4Ghz. Also, the antennas of the mic receivers are wired to external antennas on the wall, so there is about 3 mtr between the router and the first antenna.

The posted screenshots about traffic speeds and CCQ are with the devices in their commonly used positions, the Apple TV thus about 20 mtr away from the router.

Besides, the entries in the log are mac adresses of mobile devices, the apple tv seems to stay connected and the chromecast never give problems.

edit: no, just a long cabinet with a cabinet with PA amp, mic receivers (wired to antennas) with the mikrotik on top of them.

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Sat May 16, 2015 3:17 pm

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Sat May 16, 2015 3:18 pm

Also with mics on. I will monitor this next week to be sure

I edited my post above, didn’t see your microwave addition

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Sat May 16, 2015 3:23 pm

Re: AirPlay issues on wireless network with VAP enabled

Mon May 25, 2015 7:04 pm

This week I enabled the wlan2 (hotspot) interface again, after having disabled it for 3 weeks. The connection problems are back again. I must admit that the mics are also on, but. I placed the router on top of the cabinet, with free line of sight to my phone about 2 meters away. But I still have connection problems.

The signal strength is -30dB and there are 30 hotspot wlan2 users and 5 wlan1 users.

Sometimes my phone loses the connection and both networks (free and secured) are not in my wifi list on Android. After 20-30 seconds the networks are back in the list. Than I try to connect with the secured network, but it’s impossible. When I click on it, Android can’t make a connection with it. But after about 30 seconds again, I get connected finally.

So I surfed to WebFig to disable the wlan2 interface but the router page couldn’t be loaded. After turning Wifi off and on again (on my phone), the first page could be loaded but after logging in to WebFig all pages are white. So I have to reconnect to the network again to see some WebFig pages.

At all times, the ChromeCast is visible and I can stream to it (Signal strength -40dB at the chromecast location) but the Apple TV is not visible. My thoughts is that the Apple TV can’t connect to the network (just as my phone couldnt) and so it transmits it’s built in own wireless network (I see the new created Apple WiFi network in the list). After some minutes, when my phone can connect again, the Apple WiFi network is gone, but the Apple TV still isn’t visible in the streaming list.

After disabling wlan2 everything’s fine again.

I will try with a second AP for the hotspot service, but I can’t believe why the Mikrotik has such problems with it. I bought this thing because I need 30 simultaneous (mostly idle) connections and I think consumer device can’t handle that, but even this semi-pro device can’t handle it.

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